Landscape design is a fine art and an independent profession, practiced by landscape professionals, blending natural culture and architecture. In modern professional practice, landscape architecture blends with garden design to produce a dynamic environment for visitors and residents.
Plants are the most visible elements of a landscape and they must be selected to appropriately relate to the size, shape, texture, height, and other characteristics of each area. In order to visually relate visual elements, texture is an important factor to consider. Landscape textures can be described using various terms including clover, grass, rye, forsythia, oat, grassy, and field. Each type of texture has its own specific benefits, which include visual appeal, functionality, and maintenance.
A third common element in landscape designs is the texture of the plant material. Texture refers to the level of roughness or cleftness, as well as how irregularly the forms are formed. Roughness and cleftness refer to the smoothness or tightness of the plant material. Inconsistent textures may not be aesthetically appealing, but can be functionally advantageous for the placement of plants, for example where there is some stress on one side of the plant due to low growing points, uneven soil, or other environmental factors. As plant material is placed in specific areas, certain types of textures may be beneficial depending on the effects desired.
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